Most of the VDC’s had remained backwatered in different aspects of modern facilities like education, transportation, electricity, health care centres and communication. Some villages are at a distance of more than seven days walk from the district headquarters.
However, in these recent days, some of the VDC’s are having the facilities of education, electricity (solar and micro-hydro) and communication. We can find schools in some villages likewise, people with mobile can be seen and the solar system is seen in the remote villages too. But the transportation has remained as the main problem of the district.
Most of the people depend on traditional low productive agriculture and livestock. Some people are involved in trade of different necessity and herbs too. The people of Upper region trade with Tibet. The boarder will be open only for a certain period of time for the trade. The district is not linked with any motor able road from the neighbouring districts.
When the people fall seriously sick, they are rescued by helicopter to the hospital in Nepalgunj or Kathmandu.
Yaks, horses and mules are the main means of transport in the upper region. People having yaks can be their source of income by transporting things for others and ploughing agricultural fields.
In the case of fuel for cooking, firewood is another problem of the Upper region as there is no any wood around, only the small bushes available but the people have managed it very finely with those bushes.
Most of the people from upper region use to migrate to the lower regions in winter time before snowing. Likewise, the people from lower region go to pasture in high lands to graze their animals in summer where healthy and medicinal grass and herbs are found.